Fluxus started late in the 1950ies, when a group of musicians and artists started developing a new approach towards art, which was characterized by a soft attitude of non-aggressive intervention into art spaces, public space and the media.
GEORGE BRECHT, JOHN CAGE, WALTER DE MARIA, YOKO ONO, DICK HIGGINS, TOSHI ICHIYANAGI, ROBERT MORRIS, NAM JUNE PAIK, TERRY RILEY, LA MONTE YOUNG.
Fig.: Fluxus magazine: How we met - or a microdemystification
In 1960, La Monte
Young had been asked to guest-edit an issue of a literary journal, Beatitude
East, and it was to include 'concept art' and anything else he thought
was important. One thing lead to another and the collection became "AN
ANTHOLOGY of chance operations, concept art, anti-art, indeterminacy,
improvisation, meaningless work, natural disasters, plans of action, stories,
diagrams, (...) dance constructions, mathematics, and compositions."
Participating authors were:
Maciunas supplied the paper, design, and some money for publishing of the anthology which contained a more or less arbitrary association of New York avant garde artists at that time. By the end of 1961 before the anthology was completed (it was finally published in 1963 by Jackson MacLow and La Monte Young), Maciunas had moved to Germany to escape his creditors. From there, he continued his contact with the New York artists and sent out announcements about a series of "yearbooks" of artists works under the title of FLUXUS. The yearbooks eventually became the FLUXUS "newspaper" V TRE. Maciunas arranged a series of concerts starting in 1962 bringing many of the New York artists whose work had been selected for AN ANTHOLOGY to come to Europe and performing with such avant-gardists there as Joseph Beuys of Germany and Bengt af Klintberg of Sweden. Even though who and who was not in FLUXUS at any specific moment was dependent upon Maciunas' somewhat volatile mood, these European concerts provided a great deal of cross-cultural influence within the international community of experimental artists of that time.
it could be said that George Macunias coined the term "Fluxus" in 1962 by publishing a magazine with the same name, there were however many steps and stages in the development which were equally important:
In 1978 Macunias died.